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What is a Smart Building? – Characteristics, Makes, and More

What is a Smart Building?

The smart building concept has been with us for a couple of decades as it evolves at the pace of new technologies. It understands that it is one whose facilities and systems for air conditioning, lighting, electricity, security, telecommunications, multimedia, information technology, access control allow integrated and automated management and control.

The purpose is not only to increase the energy efficiency of the building. Also, the levels of security, usability, and accessibility of it. Aspects such as the protection of the individual, the comfort of the user, and the care of the environment are very present.

What are the Characteristics of Smart Building?

smart building

If you appearance at some of the most famous smart buildings globally, they all have one common denominator. “They are like a kind of central nervous system, made up of a network of thousands of sensors distributed throughout the building, which serve to control numerous issues.

They control from the levels of carbon dioxide in the rooms, to the light, the temperature or which parking lots are free”, explains journalist Isabel Rubio. She has studied the main smart buildings in the world to draw some conclusions.

But what are the essential characteristics through which an intelligent building can or cannot consider? We tell you about them below:

1. A Smart Building must be an Efficient Building

An intelligent building has energy and water-saving systems since it controls the supply through consumer data. This issue is already a reality in most hotel establishments and also in many homes. In recent decades and recent decades, energy efficiency has become a maxim. Increasingly, tenants are opting for efficient solutions and installations, such as Lumon glass curtains that offer homes energy savings heating that ranges between 5.6% and 12.0%, according to a study carried out by groups independent of the company in Germany.

2. Must Integrate Control Systems into the Building

The control system has to be fully integrated into the building and be part of it. It must be automated to optimize its operation and its administration electronically.

3. The Commitment to Safety is Essential in a Smart Building

Security is a crucial factor here, and the building will have the most innovative and advanced security systems, also fully automated.

4. Lumon Terrace in Smart Buildings

It must be a Flexible Building

Flexibility, both in the structure and in the systems and services, is essential. Since this type of buildings can adapt to continuous technological changes, incorporating them into their designs.

Construction Comfort above all Else

Smart Buildings are, above all, very comfortable for their inhabitants. They are designed for the user to enjoy them to the fullest. We are talking about thermal comfort and comfort in terms of materials, spaces, etc.

5. Smart Building Materials are Environmentally Friendly

In general, recyclable materials are used and designed to reduce the negative impact on human health and the environment where they build. Hence, increasingly, in products and systems used in the design and construction of smart buildings, these aspects are prioritized: Companies like Lumon manufacture their products with materials that are 100% recyclable: glass and aluminum that, In addition, it recycles in an environmentally friendly way.

What Makes a Smart Building?

The fundamental basis for the start-up and efficiency of a smart building is centralizing the building data. Data that is monitored and controlled from a computer. These offer the possibility of monitoring the operation of the entire building. Elevators, energy balance, irrigation, air conditioning and lighting in common areas, temperature and humidity, access control, fire detection systems, etc. All are controlled and regulated.

Models and Advantages of Smart Building

smart building

One of the most ground-breaking smart buildings globally, Deloitte’s The Edge building in Amsterdam, offers an interesting insight into the main advantages of working (or living) in this type of building.

1. Smart Buildings Improve the Quality of Life of Users

The Edge building has 28,000 sensors. Workers have an application that has them connected from the moment they wake up. And from the app, they access all the information about schedules, weekly schedules, work appointments, and even recognize their vehicles and tell them which parking space is free when they arrive at the building.

It also tells them what their assigned workspace will be and adjusts users’ preferences for light and temperature before opening the office.

2. They save Substantially Energy

This same building uses 70% less energy than any European office building of its size (40,000 m2). It has an aquifer thermal energy storage system that provides all the power needed for heating and cooling.

Rainwater calm on the roof is used for flushing toilets or irrigating green decks in the atrium and other garden areas surrounding the building.

3. More Sustainable Buildings by Design

All of The Edge’s light comes from its solar panels (a surface area of 65,000 m2) on the roof and the façade. This has earned it the highest certification in sustainable construction: BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology).

And also, the orientation of the building base on the path of the sun. Thus the atrium bath in northern daylight, and its façade is entirely transparent. In this way, it allows views of the exterior dam and constant light.

On the south façade, the solar panels protect the workspaces from the sun. They have grilles designed so that, depending on the sun’s angles, they offer additional shade in the offices. The north facades are transparent and use thicker glass to muffle the noise from the highway.

These panels can open for more excellent ventilation and provide enough sustainable electricity to power phones, desktops, laptops, and even future electric cars.

4. Buildings that Maximize Energy Efficiency

And they do so both at occupancy levels and movement, lighting, humidity, and temperature. And also, all these parameters continuously measure, and alarm systems create to reduce excesses.

At all times, it knows whether or not there are people in the building and what spaces. In this way, unused rooms also omit cleaning. Managers alert to lights that need to replace in the building, and printers needing paper are notified, among other issues.

In addition, the mobile application that all employees have indicates from energy use to the carbon footprint of each of the employees, including the work patterns of each of them. This information is a fundamental tool for making decisions for the future of the company.


The smart building design is already the presence of the construction industry. According to recent studies, from 2015 to 2020, the growth of this type of buildings has been 78.8%.

Most public and residential buildings already plan to lower expenses by reducing energy consumption. But when we talk about Smart Buildings, we are not referring only to energy consumption. In this post, we tell you what exactly a smart building is and what its advantages are.

Also Read: Mobile Application Development – Definition, Types, Importance, and More

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